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GDPR Enforcement: The Real Risks of Non-Compliance

Whereas public supervisory authorities granted an informal grace period to implement the new provisions of the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and allocated many resources to awareness-raising campaigns in 2018, their focus clearly shifted towards enforcement in 2019. The risk of...

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International Applicability

How the GDPR Affects Companies Outside the EU

The EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), a major privacy law introduced by the European Union in May 2018, not only shook up the business of data-driven digital service providers but keeps affecting companies of any size and any industry all over the world. Many executives, IT managers and...

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Highest GDPR fine

14.5mio. Euro: Highest GDPR Fine in Germany

A German real estate company has been fined 14.5 million Euro for infringing the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) by the data protection authority of Berlin, who publicly reported on this case in a press release on 5 November 2019. It constitutes the highest fine that has been issued in...

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Data Processing in Contractual Relationships

Customer Data: GDPR Compliance in Contractual Relationships

Every processing of personal data requires a legal basis such as consent, legitimate interests or legal obligations. In October 2019, the European Data Protection Board (“EDPB”), an advisory body that consists of the data protection supervisory authorities in the EU, issued guidelines for public...

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Cookie Consent

European Court of Justice: Ad Cookies Require Opt-in Consent

In the past months, European data protection supervisory authorities were pushing for opt-in consent as the standard model for using cookies that are not strictly technically necessary for the provision of a website, such as for purposes of ad retargeting, cross-website or cross-device tracking and...

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Enforcement Risks

GDPR Enforcement: Consumers Claiming Compensation

Non-compliance with the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) may lead to severe liability risks for companies inside and outside the European Union, stemming from claims by consumers, claims by competitors or business partners such as service providers and business customers, and from...

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GDPR Updates for non-EU companies