Privacy Laws

Data protection in Belgium compared to the GDPR

The flag of Belgium with the capital in the background, showing buildings
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General overview

Belgian legislators have only partially utilized the so-called "opening clauses" of the GDPR to create specific data protection provisions in Belgium. However, there are some additions and deviations from the GDPR on key data protection topics that companies should be aware of.

GDPR opening clauses

Belgium has made use of the opening clauses, particularly concerning data processing in the public sector, data processing for scientific purposes, and data processing in healthcare.

Key differences and national specifics

Specific data protection laws and official guidelines

Belgium has specific data protection laws and official guidelines. These provide detailed information and guidance for compliance with data protection regulations in Belgium.

Data subject rights

In Belgium, there are specific regulations regarding the rights of data subjects. Companies must ensure that they inform data subjects adequately about their rights and respect these rights.

Data Protection Impact Assessments (DPIAs)

Companies in Belgium should ensure that they conduct DPIAs in accordance with Belgian regulations. This is particularly important to ensure that data processing activities comply with data protection requirements.


Belgium has adopted many of the GDPR guidelines but has also introduced some national peculiarities. Companies operating in Belgium or conducting business with Belgian citizens should ensure that they fully understand and comply with both the GDPR and Belgian data protection laws.