Finland's data protection in comparison to the GDPR
Finland is a member of the European Union and, as such, is subject to the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that came into effect on May 25, 2018. The primary regulatory body overseeing data protection in Finland is the Office of the Data Protection Ombudsman. The GDPR serves as the overarching framework for data protection, but Finland also has its own national legislation, known as the Data Protection Act, to supplement the GDPR
GDPR opening clauses
Finland has adopted the GDPR into its national law and has also enacted the Data Protection Act to ensure the effective implementation of the GDPR. This act provides additional guidelines and clarifications, particularly in areas where the GDPR allows for national discretion.
Key differences and national specifics
- Data Protection Ombudsman: Finland has a Data Protection Ombudsman, an independent authority that supervises compliance with data protection laws.
- Sector-specific laws: Finland has sector-specific laws that address data protection in areas like healthcare and telecommunications.
- Age of consent: In Finland, the age of consent for data processing is 13 years, which is lower than the GDPR standard of 16 years.
- Employee data: Finland has specific provisions concerning the processing of employee data, which employers must adhere to.
- Data breach notifications: The Data Protection Act in Finland specifies that data breaches must be reported to the Data Protection Ombudsman within 24 hours, which is stricter than the GDPR requirement of 72 hours.
Finland has a robust data protection framework that aligns closely with the GDPR. The country has also enacted national laws to provide additional context and clarification, making it imperative for businesses and individuals to be aware of these specifics when operating in Finland.